Plastic surgery, a specialized branch of surgery, is performed for repairing deformities and correcting functional deficits. Cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries are two categories of plastic surgery. However, there is considerable overlap between both the areas. When plastic surgery is used for repairing and reconstructing damaged tissues caused due to health problems, it is called reconstructive surgery. On the other hand, cosmetic surgery is focused on enhancing the appearance of a person. This field lacks aesthetic appeal, so it is elective.

types-of-cosmetic-surgeryPlastic surgery can be used for correcting congenital conditions such as cleft lip and palate, birthmarks, craniosynostosis, hypospadias, etc and problems that develop later in life such as cancer, trauma, infection, extensive burns, and other conditions like osteoarthritis, facial palsy, pressure ulcers, venous ulcers, carpal tunnel syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, etc. Infection, excessive bleeding, surgery problems, anesthesia problems, difficulty in wound healing, etc are some of the common complications of reconstructive plastic surgery.

Cosmetic surgery is also a type of plastic surgery. But it is not used for repairing damaged tissues. Instead, it is practiced for enhancing the appearance of a healthy person. The procedures include breast enlargement, female breast reduction, male breast reduction, nose reshaping, facelifts, liposuction or excess fat removal, tummy tucks, etc.

Types of Plastic Surgery

Facelift Surgery

advice-from-doctorsFacelift surgery or rhytidectomy is very popular today and it is performed for lifting the skin. In this procedure, the skin is tightened to reduce the amount of laxity or sagging. This is helpful for restoring a youthful look to the face. Facelift is used for addressing problems, such as sagging jowls, sagging cheekbones, and a lack of definition around jaw line. However, facelift is not effective for getting rid of existing wrinkles. But, it is effective for slowing down the development of new wrinkles.

Different types of facelifts are available today. Mini facelift aims to lift certain areas in your face. Full facelift procedure is done on more regions. Facelift surgery should be done with utmost care, otherwise it may leave you with a permanently surprised looking appearance. A good facelift can make you younger. However, facelift surgery will not provide you permanent result.

Risks of Facelift Surgery

Infection, bleeding under skin, scarring, irregular earlobes, numbness due to nerve damage, inability to move your face, skin damage, hair loss, etc are some of the complications associated with facelift surgery.

Breast Surgery

Another popular type of plastic surgery is breast surgery. Different types of breast surgeries are available today. It is performed on both women and men. In order to increase the size of breasts, the surgeons insert an implant into the breast area. Breast surgery is also done for reducing the size of breasts. It is helpful for reducing the discomfort of carrying heavy weight on your chest. Men who suffer gynaecomastia (larger breasts) undergo this type of surgery. Breast uplift surgery is performed for solving sagging breast problems. It will provide you a younger looking appearance. However, the breast implants should be replaced in every 10-15 years. Mostly, women think that breast augmentation surgery provides them permanent results. But it is not true.

Complications Associated with Breast Surgery

Infection, bleeding, hardening of scar tissue around implants, rupture and leak of implants, implant movement, pain, less sensitive nipple, numbness near incision, calcium deposits around implants, etc are some of the common risks associated with breast surgery.

Eyelid Surgery

Blepharoplasty or eyelid surgery is performed for removing extra muscles, skin and fat from the upper and/or lower eyelid, correcting droopy eyelids, and improving its appearance. Sometimes, this surgery is also recommended for people with peripheral vision impairment. However, blepharoplasty is not useful for removing crow’s feet, sagging eyebrows, dark circles under your eyes, etc.

Risks of Eyelid Surgery

Double vision or blurred vision, infection, bleeding under the skin, difficulty in closing eyes completely, white heads, dry eyes, swelling, blindness, pulling of lower lids, etc are some of the side effects of blepharoplasty.

Lip Augmentation

It is done by reducing wrinkles and fine lines around your lips. Natural look of your lips can be enhanced by injecting or implanting lips. This surgery is helpful for treating problems such as scarring of lips, certain diseases like lupus or diabetes, cold sores, blood clotting problems, etc. Lip augmentation is highly helpful for improving sexual confidence and self confidence.

Risks of Lip Augmentation

Possible side effects of lip augmentation surgery include scarring, lumping, lip asymmetry, bleeding, and infection.

Liposuction

It is used for removing excess fat from a targeted area, such as abdomen, hips, face, buttocks, and thighs. However, it is not effective for removing cellulite, but it removes only fat. Liposuction is not good for people with poor skin condition. Age is not a problem for conducting this surgery. However, it is not effective for older people with less skin elasticity.

Risks of Liposuction

Baggy skin, burning, infection, toxic shock, fluid retention, kidney problems, heart problems, numbness at surgery site, damage to organs, pain, fat clots in lungs, disability or even death are the possible risks associated with liposuction surgery.

Rhinoplasty or Nose Surgery

This surgery is used for reshaping your nose. It can be done for enlarging or reducing the size of nose, changing its angle, altering tip of nose, correcting indentations, bumps or other defects in nose. Rhinoplasty can be done by using local or general anesthesia.

Risks of Rhinoplasty

Infection, scarring, bleeding under skin, red spots, bursting blood vessels, etc are the possible risks of rhinoplasty.

Tummy Tuck

Tummy tuck surgery is performed for removing extra skin and fat from the abdomen, flattening and tightening tummy. It is highly effective for removing excess skin, which are hard to diminish with exercise or diet. Abdominoplasty or tummy tuck is a major surgical procedure. If you are planning to undergo it, you must analyze your situation thoroughly and should educate yourself. Tummy tuck is the last option and it should be taken only if all other methods fail.

Risks of Tummy Tuck

Blood clots, fluid accumulation under skin, scarring, bleeding, infection, etc are the side effects of tummy tuck surgeries.

How to Select the Best Plastic Surgeon

male-plastic-surgeon-advicePlastic surgery is a serious surgical procedure. All types of surgeries carry minor as well as major side effects. Therefore, you should select the best doctor for doing it. You can select a doctor on the basis of his education, experience, training and proven competence. You must also consider the efficiency of your doctor for doing the specific procedure you are considering. Before taking a decision regarding plastic surgery, you should also speak with other patients of the surgeon. The hospital you are selecting should also be well equipped to handle the surgical procedure.

Today, the number of people who seek plastic surgery is increasing rapidly. Therefore, the plastic surgery field has become highly competitive. Lots of doctors and hospitals are entering in this field to perform the surgery. Therefore, you must collect all possible information regarding the hospital and the doctor before undergoing a surgery.

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